Nam June Paik
Of Korean origin, Nam June Paik is considered to be the father of video art. Following music studies in Korea and later Japan, Nam June Paik left for Europe in 1956 to complete his university education. It was here that he crossed paths with the avant-garde artists of the day, notably Joseph Beuys, John Cage, Merce Cunningham, etc. In the late 1950s, he became a member of the Fluxus movement and authored concert-performances.
Nam June Paik was born in Seoul, South Korea in 1932 and died in Miami in 2006.
The numerous retrospectives organized in honour of his work highlight the importance of Paik in the evolution of contemporary art. These include shows at the Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris in 1978-1979, the Whitney Museum and Chicago Museum of Contemporary Art in 1982, and at the Guggenheim, New York in 2000. Nam June Paik was the recipient of numerous prizes, including awards from the Guggenheim, the Rockefeller Foundation, the American Film Institute, and the UNESCO Picasso medal in 1993. He also received the Lion d'Or at the 45thVenice Biennale. More recent exhibitions were held at the Tate Liverpool in 2010 and the Smithsonian Museum, Washington in 2012.
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